BY THE AUTHORS OF ROBERT'S RULES OF ORDER NEWLY REVISED
“The process of arriving at additional content through the technique of interpretation continues, as situations occurring in assemblies point to a need for more fully developed rules applying to particular cases.” [RONR (11th ed.), p. xxv.]
Ever since the 1876 publication of the first edition of Robert's Rules, General Robert and his successors have responded to specific questions about parliamentary law submitted by members of the general public. Often, these questions and the replies to them have influenced the next edition of the work, as it has steadily become more comprehensive, consistent, and responsive to developments in technology and practice.
The current authors will use this official website of the Robert's Rules Association to continue this tradition by providing answers to selected questions of parliamentary law.
You may submit questions to the Question and Answer Forum. Questions that are raised there or elsewhere are periodically chosen for an official response when it is believed answering them will provide a noteworthy interpretation or clarification of what is expressly stated in the current edition.
Questions and Answers are identified by the year and a number (e.g., 2007-1). They may be cited as in the following example:
RONR Off. Interp. 2007-1, www.robertsrules.com
You may access these questions and answers in two ways:
The answers given here to the questions presented are based upon the rules contained in Robert's Rules of Order Newly Revised. These rules are, in effect, default rules; that is to say, they govern only if there are no contrary provisions in any federal, state, or other law applicable to the society, or in the society's bylaws, or in any special rules of order that the society has adopted. This fact must always be kept in mind when reading any of the answers given.
“PL” is the standard abbreviation parliamentarians use to cite Henry M. Robert, Parliamentary Law (New York: Irvington Publishers, 1991). The standard citation to particular pages and lines is “PL, p. or pp. [for ‘page’ or ‘pages’].” Citations to the special section “Questions and Answers from the Author's Parliamentary Law Correspondence” are as follows: “PL, q. [for “question number”], p. or pp. [for ‘page’ or ‘pages’].”
“RONR” is the standard abbreviation parliamentarians use to cite Henry M. Robert III and others, Robert's Rules of Order Newly Revised, 11th ed. (Da Capo Press, 2011). The standard citation to particular pages and lines is “RONR (11th ed. [for ‘edition’], p. or pp. [for ‘page’ or ‘pages’], l. or ll. [for ‘line’ or ‘lines’].”
“RONRIB” is the standard parliamentary abbreviation to cite Henry M. Robert III and others, Robert's Rules of Order Newly Revised In Brief, ( Da Capo Press, 2011). The standard citation to particular pages is “RONRIB, p. or pp. [for ‘page’ or ‘pages’].”
NOTE: While there are many books available with “Robert's Rules” in the title, be aware that only the 2011 editions of Robert's Rules of Order Newly Revised, published by Da Capo Press, are the current, official versions.
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